For decades now, the so-called experts on hypnosis have all
matter-of-factly stated that hypnosis abuse is not possible - from
scholars and academicians, to psychologists and psychiatrists; yet in the
end, all of them have been absolutely, 100-percent categorically wrong.
This very well might be out of sheer ignorance on the topic, or worse yet,
their own willful, shameless desire to save their careers or personal
hypnosis endeavors. Perhaps it's a selfish effort to protect an industry,
rather than its clientele. Whatever the reason, evidence has been available.
The history of hypnosis is replete with sexual abuse and immoral behavior,
yet no one has ever said anything publicly about this possible danger.
Society as a whole
has been kept in the dark for far
too long on the real power of hypnosis, along with its inherent perils. The
end result of this long-term duplicity has been an overall mass ignorance
regarding hypnosis. The worst of it being the incorrect premise that
hypnosis abuse is not possible. This has in turn created an extremely
dangerous environment where people think they're safe, yet they're
not. This makes hypnosis absolutely ripe for exploitation of
unsuspecting women by immoral, deviant hypnotists. In short, we've all been
tragically misled on hypnosis, and it's time to finally rectify this
bottom line here is this - for anyone to knowingly do such a thing,
to support a lie just to keep the hypnosis industry afloat and not scare
away paying clients, is humanly despicable and morally detestable, yet all
you have to do is take a look at how many
professionals still parrot the myth/lie to this very day. It's morally
reprehensible behavior, to say the very least.
goal of this website is to set the record straight on hypnosis and to
finally let the truth be known once and for all, by
documenting that these horrible crimes DO exist,
so that no one can ever again arrogantly/ignorantly deny this type of
perverse crime is not possible. Those who continue to perpetuate this
blatant falsehood should take a serious look at the overwhelming data on
this website, or be held accountable for their uninformed, reckless
language. The truth is out.
foremost motive and intent here is to educate and inform the general public
about the dangers of immoral hypnotists. Please note that the blame is not
being put on hypnosis itself, as some often like to do, but rather, it is
very rightfully placed on the unscrupulous hypnotist, as it should
To say that hypnosis itself is
bad is like saying that guns are bad. Guns don't harm people on their own
and neither does hypnosis. The accountability always has to be with
It should be noted that
there are few, if any, other websites on the internet that
specifically track hypnosis crime. This fact sadly became very clear while
perusing thousands of websites through countless Google and Bing searches,
looking for hypnosis crime, hypnosis abuse, hypnosis rape, hypnotist
accused, etc, etc.
What became glaringly
apparent is that there were an outrageous amount of documented
instances of hypnosis crime already on the books, however, no one
had yet pooled all those crimes into one website or database. There are many
instances recorded, but just not coalesced into a publicly available archive,
In contrast, however,
there are plenty of websites that errantly (shamefully) proclaim that
crime under hypnosis is not possible (some of them with very reputable,
highly prestigious names), but apparently none who have taken the time to do the
actual research, in order to document the numerous existing cases
that have already been prosecuted.
It is with this purpose
in mind that this website is dedicated to eradicating the false notion
that people will not do things against their will under hypnosis.
That errant claim is absolutely, positively, 100-percent false! At best, the
statement is a grossly ignorant, uneducated comment, and at its worst, it is
a blatant bald faced lie. The empirical evidence presented on this website
stands in testament to this absolute fact. This website implores and
encourages those in the hypnosis community to finally come forward, en
masse, once and for all, to set the record straight regarding the dangers
of, not hypnosis, but of immoral hypnotists.
Then and only then will
hypnosis have a real chance of encouraging faith in its services, and thus
in return, perpetuating new growth for the industry.
More on the Subject:
author Robert Temple had to say about hypnosis here...
See what author Carla Emery had to say
about hypnosis here...
Open to Suggestion:
The Uses and Abuses of Hypnosis
Buy this book
Jerome) Scheck is by no means forthcoming about the problem of the
criminal abuses of hypnosis and its military implications, except to
make his position clear in siding with Rowland, Wells, Young, and Brenman against Erickson. His posts held with the army during the war
may have encouraged reticence, and I know of no evidence that Schneck
ever pursued this subject in later years by experiments or further
research. He did, however, make a special theoretical study of
hypnotic compulsion as described in the famous novel Trilby by George du Maurier. The hypnotist who holds entirely under his spell the
heroine Trilby, a young girl with whom he is obsessed. The novel is
actually very good and the suppressed passages have been reinstated in
a modern edition.
The character of
Svengali has come to dominate the public conception of hypnosis, to
the alarm of practitioners. For Svengali is the essence of evil,
sinister, and manipulative hypnotist who not only uses hypnosis to
make a girl whom he desires into his sex slave, but totally dominates
her whole life, transforming her into an automaton. Milton Kline has
invoked the tradition of Svengali to offer an explanation of why
hypnotists are often so fanatical in maintaining that criminal acts
are not possible under hypnosis:
It appears rather
definitive that under certain conditions it is possible to
hypnotically induce behavior which in reference to the subject's own
values can be called anti-social. ... There are a number of reason why
this problem has received such very considerable attention in
experimental hypnosis. In part, it relates to the defensive and
protective attitude that many scientific workers have been compelled
to develop in working with this modality. In literature, religion, and
folklore, hypnosis has historically been identified in part with evil,
the devil, and a genuine 'Svengali' concept.
In order to purify
it, those who have wished to use it beneficially cultivated the
concept that 'a subject will not do anything in hypnosis that is
against his will' or 'that he would not do in a waking state.'
of these traditional postulates reveals that they are rather vacuous
statements. For one, we have no valid indicator of will, let alone
more sophisticated measures of values or standards that we can use
adequately to support such a statement.
As mentioned a
moment ago, Jerome Schneck published a study of Trilby from the
professional hypnotist's point of view, and his comments are extremely
interesting. He begins with the following observations:
Sevengali, a key
figure in Du Maurier's novel, Trilby, is regarded by many as the
prototype of the hypnotist. For the layman and also many in the
medical profession and allied fields the picture evoked is that of a
controlling, authoritative and even mysterious figure whose intentions
must be regarded with mistrust.
He then remarks
upon the general attitude towards Trilby in the hypnosis community:
hypnotic influence of Svengali over Trilby, insofar as her attaining
the status of a renowned singer is concerned, is looked upon askance,
as barely feasible and of melodramatic and even unrealistic
proportions. Further, the Svengali-Trilby relationship in its sexual
aspects is another item readily recalled by those who allude to the
proceeds to make a fascinating analysis of all aspects of the novel
which relate to hypnosis. Of particular interest is the following:
The second issue
involving the induction of hypnosis without knowledge on the part of
the subject has always been a question of interest to the uninformed.
Actually this can take place and in the experience of the present
writer it has been done frequently. Estabrooks has written about it.
Erickson has described its use... The present writer has used the
technique frequently in legitimate medical settings with select
patients in order to circumvent reinstances, curtail treatment time,
and facilitate therapeutic progress.
the sexual seduction of Trilby by Svengali involving hypnosis and
makes these observations:
A popular theme
among the lay audience is the integration of anti-social activity and
self-injurious behavior with hypnotization. Of special concern is the
possibility of hypnosis being used for sexual seduction. ... Over the
years actual instances of alleged misuse of hypnosis have appeared
and attained varying degrees of publicity. These issues have been
mentioned in serious works such as the one by Forel. Nevertheless a
difference of opinion has been voiced among experienced workers in
hypnosis as to the possibility of inducing with the hypnotic technique
behavior which may be regarded as anti-social or essentially
self-injurious. Some workers favoring the view that such behavior can
be induced include Rowland, Wells, Watkins, and Brenman. The
well-known opposition has been voiced by Erickson. ... The present
writer has presented a report dealing with a clinical situation I
which such behavior was inadvertently induced, and concluding that the
issue required reevaluation.
It should probably
be mentioned that George du Maurier, the author of Trilby, often
practiced hypnosis and was well informed on the subject.
conclusions, Kline says:
It is strongly
suggested by the results that the obtaining of an experimental goal
was primarily dependent upon the hypnotist and the extent to which he
could enter into it and participate in the act himself. The subject is
not involved alone, but is part of a newly created structure and
reality reference in the hypnotic relationship. Subliminal perception
of the hypnotist's ideation, affect, and projective behavior
undoubtedly played a major role in creating the 'conditions' which
eventuated in the subject's altering his behavior in the manner he did
and performing a task for which he had initially strong resistance and
case illustrations discussed below represent clinical situations in
which hypnosis has been utilized as a device for effectively altering
the perceptual patterns of an individual and bringing about behavioral
responses which have been damaging or antisocial within a broadly
defined psychological content. ... it is clear that hypnosis in the
hands of a skilled manipulator-personality can lead to antisocial,
criminal, or self-damaging transgressive behavior with some
Kline, 'The Production of Antisocial Behavior Through Hypnosis:
New Clinical Data,' International Journal of Clinical and Experimental
Hypnosis (vol. 20, no. 2, April 1972, pg 84)
It will be
interesting to review Kline's cases briefly. The first concerns a
56-year-old physician who used hypnosis to rape his patients. ... The
doctor in question sought out Milton Kline for psychotherapy
treatment, not because he felt guilty about his rape of various
patients over several years, but because complications had arisen
which threatened his career. ... As Kline tells it:
would use it repeatedly and extensively primarily to develop a close,
dependent, and, at first, very supportive and reassuring hypnotic
relationship. He would carefully and skillfully begin to introduce
suggestions that would involve strongly erotic sexual arousal for the
patient, and suggest dreams incorporating those feelings. Gradually,
he would introduce himself into the dreams within a process that
frequently would take from two to three months, and instill a strong
desire for the patient to act out her sexual feelings and obtain the
satisfaction of the dream in reality. He was not successful in all
instances ... He was most desirous of effecting relationships
emphasizing fellatio and a number of variations of this particular
technique. ... In one instance, he finally persuaded a 23-year-old
married patient to take an unpaid position in his office, with whom he
then had daily sexual involvements. This particular case became one of
the reasons for his seeking therapy, since the young woman began
talking in her sleep ... Her husband made a tape recording of some of
the sleep talk and, in discussing this with her and playing it back,
became fully aware of what seemed to be involved.
was only one of several situations which this physician carefully
developed over the years. ... it seemed that [the women] would not
have accepted the sexual relationship with him without the enforced
effect of the hypnotic relationship and the reinforced suggestions
which were frequently given. ... Throughout his description of these
cases at no time was there expressed any degree of guilt, but only
concern for the exposure that could result from the complications of
Kline, 'The Production of Antisocial Behavior Through Hypnosis:
New Clinical Data,' International Journal of Clinical and Experimental
Hypnosis (vol. 20, no. 2, April 1972, pp. 85-8
Yet another series
of experiments on the antisocial uses of hypnosis was performed by
William Lyon in the 1950s, using 20 students at the University of
Hawaii. The students were instructed to perform three objectionable or
dangerous acts. ... And Lyon concluded:
the conditions of this experiment, hypnotized persons may commit
antisocial acts under the influence of suggestion. Antisocial acts
were committed much more readily when the situation was so structured
that the hypnotized subject could justify his behavior.
William Lyon, 'Justification and Command as Techniques for
Hypnotically-Induced Antisocial Behavior,' Journal of Clinical
Psychology, vol. 10, 1954, pp. 288-90.
One of the most
important considerations of the antisocial uses of hypnosis was a
series of experiments and a review article by Paul Campbell Young, now
long deceased but at the time (the 1950s) the grand old man of
American Hypnosis research, in which he ha persisted throughout the
1920s against the fashion of the time. Young had originally been
convinced that antisocial acts were impossible under hypnosis, but his
research into the area led him to a total change of view on the
subject. His report was published in a 1952 anthology edited by Leslie
LeCron, and LeCron wrote a particularly interesting introduction to
Young's contribution in which he made these remarks:
Young's article, with a well-conceived, well-executed experiment to
back up his contentions, would seem to cover the situation most
adequately. Critics will find it difficult to refute his arguments
that hypnosis can be used to produce antisocial behavior. The tests
made by Young were arranged to substantiate, if possible, Rowland's
previous experiment, but under conditions which would not be subjected
to the same criticisms made of Rowland's work. It is worthy of note
that, until recently, Young has been on the other side of the fence
... Dr. Young is a veteran in hypnotic experimentation, and he has
contributed a great deal to our knowledge. ... he was the first
experimenter in hypnosis to use the controlled experiment and is a
pioneer in modern scientific research in the field. ... One fact seems
certain from weighing the results of experiments and from our
knowledge of what can be accomplished with modern techniques. A person
in a deep hypnotic state can be caused to commit antisocial acts. It
is obvious that many people have criminal trends and many others are
actual criminals. With such people, it should be no great task to
cause them to commit an antisocial act under hypnosis. This will be
granted by any hypnotic authority. It is the honest, conscientious,
law-abiding subject who must be considered. He, too, can undoubtedly
be deluded into committing such acts.
Experimental Hypnosis: A Symposium of Articles on Research by Many of
the World's Leading Authorities, Macmillan, New York, 1952, pp. 370-5
[ More excerpts... ]
Young then went on
with a lengthy review of previous work and general discussion. Among
his comments are these:
a hurried review of the literature it appears that there are no
theoretical obstacles to the possibility of antisocial uses of
hypnosis. On the contrary, the cumulative effect of the reported
results is so great as to convince one that antisocial actions are not
more deviant from the normal behavior - and no more difficult to
induce - than are many of the actions which have been carried out by
subjects motivated by artificial complexes, age regression,
transidentification, etc. In fact, if a skillful hypnotist should use
such techniques as those just mentioned and should use such techniques
as those just mentioned and should go all out to induce antisocial
results, theoretically is is very likely he would succeed.
results show that seven of the eight subjects would enter into a
situation which unhypnotized observers shrank from, the subjects
carrying out suggestions to handle snakes and throw nitric acid under
conditions from which they themselves recoiled in the waking state.
... As it turned out, it was, actually, a dangerous situation. ...
Although the question dealt with here has more theoretical than
practical importance, inasmuch as hypnosis is for the most part in the
hands of reputable persons, still its potential antisocial use by
other types of persons, still its potential antisocial use by other
types of persons should not be lightly regarded. If in skilled and
worthy hands hypnosis is as powerful and salutary an instrument as its
recent application, for example, in hypnoanalysis indubitably
indicates, then in skilled but unworthy hands it might become an
instrument of danger. From the present rather extensive review of both
the theoretical and experimental findings - with particular
consideration of the results of those who think hypnosis powerful only
for good - it seems clear to the writer that this logical conclusion
is the only possible one, and that hypnosis, therefore, must be
thought of as a two-edged tool to be wielded with caution only by
those who possess both an understanding of the motivations it releases
and also the desire to use those dynamisms for scientific and
-Paul Campbell Young, 'Antisocial Uses of Hypnosis,' in LeCron
(ed.), op. cit., pp. 382-4
Orne and Evans
Subjects reported that under hypnosis they felt more passive, were not
particularly concerned with the consequences of their actions or what
safeguards existed, and generally were less disturbed by the situation
than they were in the waking state. The subjects who attempted any of
the activities claimed they were much more hesitant in the waking
state than they had been in the previous hypnotic state.
Orne & Fred Evans, 'Social Control in the Psychological
Experiment: Antisocial Behavior and Hypnosis,' Journal of Personality
and Social Psychology, vol. 1, no. 3, 1965, p. 196
Forel was most
emphatic in insisting that crimes be carried out by means of hypnosis:
I am convinced that every conceivable crime
may be committed on a hypnotized person, provided that a higher degree
of hypnosis is attained. ... But a general knowledge of hypnotism will
familiarize the public with its dangers, and thus put it on its guard.
person in lethargy or catalepsy ... may be tamely made the victim of
others' passions, others' cupidity, others' interests. Many faults
against morals, against personal safety, or against the public and
useful activity of a subject, have been committed just by placing the
individual in the hypnotic condition of lethargy or catalepsy.
The subject of
rape under hypnosis is likely to become more relevant rather than
less, as the level of sex crimes seems to be rising in relation to the
greater preoccupation with sex in society today. Nowadays we all take
it for granted that products as diverse as breakfast cereals and fast
cars should be sold to us by advertisers using sexual imagery and
suggestions. We accept the prurient exploitation of sex in all the
media. Magazines like Playboy have long since been accorded a status
among trendies equivalent to the reputations once held by literary
journals and the Christian Science Monitor. Film directors find every
possible excuse to make their starlets run around naked on the screen
for no good reason connected with the story line, and presumably only
because the directors want to see what the starlets look like with no
clothes on. (Try and analyze these scenes and make a list of how many
of them are actually necessary: very few.)
mention these things as a few simple indicators - easily overlooked
because they are so obvious - of the enormous importance which sex has
now assumed in our society.
How many tens of thousands of women are now hopeless neurotics because
articles in Cosmopolitan have told them that their orgasms are not
sufficiently ecstatic? And so on ...
such a climate it is only to be expected that many inadequate people
will feel cheated that they aren't getting all this marvelous sex
which is being talked about and portrayed all over the place - and
such people may turn to rape in order to acquire by force what they
consider is their due. And it is inevitable that Hypnotic rape will
therefore increase along with other forms of rape.
Cases are being
reported more frequently in the press. Some decades ago they were
fewer; one could be shocked when Jack Watkins reported that there had
been an Associated Press account of 1 April 1948 that in Martinez,
California, 'a man was convicted of rape upon
a woman who had been hypnotized against her will.'
A comment upon this in 1957 was: '...the alert reader will, from
time to time, find similar items in the newspapers.
clippings from my own files, I find some with salacious headlines. One
is entitled 'How Sex Sessions Hypnotist Made Me Ache With Desire,'
published in the London Daily Express on Wednesday 24 November,
1982. The article says that Dr. Clifford Salter had just been struck
off the medical register because he had 'used hypnosis and drugs to
persuade two women patients to strip naked for sex ... He wove
relaxing dreams of warmth and desert islands before helping the women
off with their clothes.'
One of the patients said the sex sessions made her want to see the
55-year-old psychiatrist every minute of the day. ... Mr. Du Cann [the
counsel for the prosecution] said Salter even got the Health Service
to pay Mrs. W's [one of his victims] train fare for their romantic
Mrs. W, 27, told the committee:
'At first he hypnotized me and talked about desert islands and warmth.
He would tell me I wanted to take my clothes off and then help me
'We would be completely naked lying on the bed and then we would make
'After a few visits nothing else seemed to matter anymore, just this
doctor. I had this desire to see him every minute of the day.
In September 1988,
prominent coverage was given in the London papers to the case of
Michael Gill, aged 54, who lived in Wales. Gill admitted having sexual
intercourse with various women whom he had hypnotized:
The court was told that Gill, an ex-communicated Mormon, had
hypnotized two women, aged 35 and 38, and had sexual intercourse with
them while they were in trance.
He had also persuaded the 32-year-old woman, a married university
graduate, to take part in naked sex sessions with a woman friend by
convincing her that they were part of sexual therapy.
report of the case describes Gill's relationship with one of his
victims s follows:
The man went to her home on a number of occasions and told her he
would massage her for therapeutic purposes.
She would be hypnotized, wearing a bikini top and bottom and a
'Sometimes she would come out of her hypnotic
state and feel uneasy because she thought he had be interfering with
her bikini top,' Mr. Williams [the counsel for prosecution] added.
'She did lose a couple of stone in weight. But there came a stage when
he hypnotized her for his own ignoble purpose, namely sexual
intercourse with her.'
In her hypnotic trance the woman was aware of what he was doing, but
could not resist.
Notice that even
in a sensational newspaper account of hypnotic rape, the
'powerlessness' and non-volition are apparent. David Collision
recounts yet another clear-cut example of this non-volition in his
account of the case by Barry Palmer, known as 'Mr. Magic,' in the
Australian Journal of Clinical Hypnosis:
She maintains that whilst in this drowsy condition you said to her
'You have very heavy woolen clothes on and the sun s beating down.
It's the middle of the summer, take off your jersey.' Can you recall
'She claims that she was under a form of spell and that she took off
her knitted top that she was wearing. She maintains that you then told
her to take off her bra and the jeans that she was wearing because
they were sticking to her and that it was hot.'
'She states that she then took off her bra and that you came across
and assisted her to take off her jeans because she couldn't stand up.'
'She maintains that the next thing she has a recollection of was being
in the bedroom and that she was coming out of her sleep and that you
said to her, "You are feeling very sexy."
'She maintains that the next thing she remembers is that you were on
top of her and you had your penis in her vagina having intercourse
with her and you said, "There is nothing wrong with sex, you will
reach an orgasm when I do."
'She maintains that she was aware that you were having sexual
intercourse with her but that she was unable to do anything about it
as she had been hypnotized and that she was in a trance.
There was a
transcript of 500 pages. The man was found guilty and sentenced to 15
For, as we saw
repeatedly, the way to success in manipulating a subject for criminal
purposes was to create delusions and distort the subject's awareness.
I am certain that this occasionally happens in cases of hypnotic rape
too. ... What we have here is the old distinction made by hypnosis
writers in the nineteenth century and largely forgotten today between
hypnotic crimes committed by the subject and hypnotic crimes committed
upon the subject. It takes no great acumen to recognize that the
former are active and the latter are passive. So are the hypnotic
phenomena giving rise to them, which is only to be expected.
Before passing on
to the next topic, hypnosis in the courtroom, let us just consider the
which women can take to protect themselves against hypnotic rape.
The first and most important thing for them to keep in mind is that
hypnotic rape is possible. Forewarned is forearmed, as they
The next thing to
bear in mind is that, even without hypnosis, a great deal of sex takes
place between male therapists and female patients. Few patients are
even aware of this, much less of the possibilities of rape under
hypnosis. If a woman finds a therapist suspect, if he gives indication
of being amorous, it is probably unwise to risk hypnosis with him.
Patients should be far more wary of lay therapists than professional
ones, as most of the reported cases of hypnotic rape have been
committed by lay therapists. (That is, therapists with no medical or
psychiatric background, however many certificates they may have
hanging on their walls.)
If during the
course of treatment in hypnosis, by lay or professional therapist or
whomever, sexual innuendos or imagery begin to become injected into
the discussion for no apparent reason, this is a very bad sign and it
may mean that the therapist is 'setting up' the patient for later
sessions to commit actual sexual acts.
Cases where the
hypnotic rape is committed on the first occasion are rare, and so are
cases where the victim is hypnotized unawares or against her will. For
those extremely rare persons who are so highly hypnotizable that they
can actually be hypnotized unknowingly or against their wishes, there
is little advice one can give!
In any city in the
world there will always be several thousand people of this sort, and
the unscrupulous may choose to seek them out and abuse them. But
vigilance and being informed are the best protection.
A person who has
shown signs of being extremely highly hypnotizable can always ask to
take a hypnotizability test to find out for certain. The other comfort
is that there will always be only a small number of
unscrupulous hypnotizers who have the skill to exploit this
susceptibility. It is most unfortunate that on more than one occasion
victim and abuser have met on trains!
The American Medical
Association (AMA) Appears to Get It
How is it the AMA understands about the
dangers of unscrupulous hypnotists, but the American Psychiatric
Association and American Psychological Association still don't get it?